Why frogs are important
Australia has over 240 known species of frogs, almost all of which are found nowhere else in the world. Some species are flourishing, like the Striped Marsh Frog. But others have declined dramatically since the 1980s, and four have become extinct.
FrogID is a national citizen science project that is helping us learn more about what is happening to Australia’s frogs. All around the country, people are recording frog calls with nothing more than a smartphone.
National Frog ID Week
From 6-15 November 2020, you can take part in FrogID Week, Australia’s biggest frog count.
Taking part in FrogID Week will help provide our scientists with valuable data for the protection and conservation of frogs.
When you record frog calls using the FrogID app you are helping scientists determine where frogs are most at risk from habitat loss, disease and climate change.
FrogID is Australia's first national frog count to save some of our most threatened species. It's a scientific rescue mission, so get involved today.
Teacher and school resources
Teachers can register a class of students and use the FrogID classroom resources to contribute to FrogID.
Get your class and students involved in FrogID:
- Create an account and group at FrogID.net.au
- You can assist students to create an account and to join a class
- Download the FrogID app, sign in and start recording
- Check Leaderboard for results.
National Frog Pond Building Project
The Australian Museum and Bunnings have partnered to engage schools across Australia and assist them in building 'frog-friendly' environments to help Australia's frog populations thrive.
Contact the Activities Organiser at your local Bunnings to discuss how you can get involved with the National Frog Pond Building Project.
Create your own frog habitat
Follow these steps to create a safe shelter, provide a food source and make a suitable habitat for frogs at your home.
Download the FrogID app
Download the FrogID app and use Near Me to find out which frog species are local to your area.
To explore more visit FrogID.
Select a site somewhere
- Not too close to houses (frogs can be very noisy)
- Not too close to big trees (tree roots can cause problems)
- With enough sun for plants to grow.
Choose the type of frog habitat you want to build
- Liner frog pond
- Find or create a habitat with shallow and deep areas of water
- Make the pond a minimum of 50cm in the deepest parts
- Add in rocks, pebbles and dirt to over the bottom - so your frogs can easily get in and out
- Add mulch, leaf litter, rocks and logs around the outside to give your frogs somewhere to hide
- If you use a plastic pond liner, make sure it's not easily punctured.
- Revegetation of natural waterways
Revitalise natural habitat by removing rubbish and weeds and replanting native vegetation.
- Above ground frog pond
Make sure the vessel you choose is watertight and hasn't contained harmful chemicals.
- Pre-fabricated plastic frog pond
Ensure you rinse your new plastic pond before you install it as frogs are sensitive to chemicals.
Add native plants
- Tussock Sedges, Sedges and Nardoo for the shallow end
- Marsh flower, Purple Loosestrife, Tassel Sedge and Water Ribbons for deeper areas
- Lomandra, Kangaroo Grass, Swamp Banksia, Saw-Leafed Sedge and Native Ginger for around the edges.
Check your local nursery for good native options for your area.
Add native fish
They are great for mozzie control, but don't let them escape into the waterways.
Don't introduce frogs or tadpoles into your new habitat.
Sit back and relax; the frogs will come.
How to make a frog pond
There are a variety of ways to make a frog pond, with some items you may already have at home.
Check out the following types of ponds for a fun DIY project that also helps our frogs.
Car tyre pond
Above ground pond
What frogs can I attract to my pond?
- Several species of frogs have benefited from urban life and our liking of 'water features' in the garden.
- They all perform a valuable service of eating many of the insect pests around our gardens and homes.
- Frequently these night visitors are heard rather than seen.
- The males call from suitable breeding sites at night, particularly some of the tree frogs which call from hollow structures like drainpipes which amplify their calls.
Frog ID has some great resources to help identify frogs at home and in the bush.
Some of the most frequent visitors you may see in our region are:
Striped Marsh Frog
- Most common frog in eastern Australia (certainly the most common in suburban Sydney)
- Frothy white egg mass
- Scattered amongst leaf litter, under rocks, and in other cover by day
- Males call from the water or the pond edge at night.
Bleating Tree Frog
- Far more commonly heard than seen
- By day it hides in pipes and other cavities or under peeling bark
- The eggs are laid in a raft which sinks in a few hours.
Spotted Marsh Frog
- More common south of Sydney and/or west of the Great Dividing Range
- Hides by day in leaf litter and under other ground cover
- The spots may vary from green to almost black and may have a cream stripe running down its back.
Green Tree Frog
- Not common urban species
- Lives in drainpipes, letter boxes and fence posts
- Lays a floating egg raft which sinks some hours later
- Catch large invertebrates and can eat small vertebrates eg. skinks, or mice.
Peron's Tree Frog
- Second most common suburban frog
- Has black and yellow marbling on its thighs, armpits and groin
- Eggs are laid in a floating raft which sinks a fews hours later
- Found hiding by day in plant pots, drainpipes
- By night are sometimes seen on windowsills catching incoming insects.
Green and Golden Bell Frog
- Once very common now it is classed as endangered.
- It is active by day as well as night and will bask
- The spawn is a raft which sinks after a few hours
- The diet included small vertebrates, other frogs, as well as invertebrates.
If you find this frog, please contact us firstname.lastname@example.org.
How to avoid attracting mosquitos
- Add invertebrates to your pond which eat the Mosquito larva
- Add Native Fish - The Native fish Association is a good contact.
The Pacific Blue Eye and Australian Smelt make great choices for mozzie control.